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But if they have never dropped by a year of age, they're probably not going to. About 7% of intact males develop a testicular tumor. These breeds are prone to perianal fistula, and neutering can reduce the risk of that. All three terms refer to removal of the testicles so your male can't breed or sire puppies. 1. Neutering may help stop some of the leg lifting that most male dogs do. It was once thought that neutering a dog cuts the risk of prostatic cancer. Neutering dogs is a big decision and many people wonder if neutering calms a dog down or if male dogs change after being neutered. Some dominant bossy males will even mark inside your house. If you're going to neuter, don't do it before your dog's reproductive hormones have had time to do their valuable work. They may forget their training and housebreaking. That issue goes away as well. Dogs are naturally protective of their territory. This is normal. Regarding the benefits of neutering a dog for its health, we point out that neutered males don’t suffer from from testicular cancer. All rights reserved. Because neutering initiates a hormonal change for the dog, there can be some changes to the animal’s physical characteristics over time. 5. Although it is possible for undesired behaviors to disappear after this procedure, it is not guaranteed. I will briefly summarise the risks to male dogs of neutering, quite apart from the possibility that the dog may die under anaesthetic or from bleeding (if it turns out to have von Willebrands disease, for example), which I have read in research papers on the subject. They still like to get outside to explore, but the purpose is different. About the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. Is he aggressive toward people or other dogs? If you neuter at that time, the prostate will shrink quickly and the problems will resolve. Even if your dog isn't aggressive himself, being intact makes him a target for other intact males who might see him as a potential rival. You may see more undesired behaviors instead of fewer. Absolutely necessary? There can be fewer spraying issues around the house as well. You can see this with behaviors that include leg humping and mounting other dogs of either gender. Remember, your dog needs his reproductive hormones for some time so his bones, joints, and tendons can develop normally. Neutering can break your dog's over-focus on other dogs and Respect Training will teach him to re-focus on YOU. Here are the pros and cons of neutering dogs to think about if you’re considering this procedure for your pet today. Some may be better off not being neutered at all. This benefit is reduced when the dog is neutered later in life, so it is a good idea to consider this option around the age of 6 months. Vaccinations and Booster Shots: Are They Needed? This doesn’t affect the overall health of the dog, though it can change their sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures. But current research on neutering shows that the issue is not so simple. Pros and Cons of Neutering a Dog. If you are talking to a breeder or a trainer, he or she will recommend that you get your dog neutered at about 14 months of age. All positives.... no negatives? A cryptorchid dog should definitely be neutered. Also, have you noticed that they lift their leg as high as they can? A cryptorchid dog should definitely be neutered. As long as the dog receives a healthy diet and regular exercise, the act of neutering will not cause the dog to put on weight. It can cause urinary incontinence. Neutering reduces urine marking in 50 percent of males. There are a number of risks associated with neutering male dogs that pet owners are not being told about. 3. Every day dogs are put to sleep because there are not enough homes for them. The goal of getting your dog neutered at this age is to neuter the dog at the onset of puberty to mitigate the cons that come with neutering. Keep adjusting the amount you feed so he stays on the slender side, and provide plenty of exercise. As the dog ages, the focus on diet and exercise must increase as the dog will want to eat the same amount while wanting to exercise less. He will be less inclined to pick fights with other males, less inclined to be picked on by other males, and less inclined to pester females in embarrassing ways. Since testosterone fuels the fires of many unwanted behaviors, neutering is the best first step. In addition to reducing roaming in male dogs, neutering can … May help with certain behavior issues. Pro: Less Territory Marking Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action. A dog who is allowed to breed must first be tested and cleared of certain health problems known to be hereditary. Although it doesn’t happen often, there is a small risk that the neutering procedure could cause urinary incontinence for the dog. 1. Although there may be changes to the maturation process afterward, for some dogs, the benefits here outweigh the potential disadvantages which may occur later on in life. The danger here is making an assumption that all dogs benefit from this procedure. Behaviour does change when a male dog reaches adolescence, but, if properly managed, testosterone-driven aggression is relatively rare. There are a number of risks associated with neutering male dogs that pet owners are not being told about. ... Perhaps one big benefit of neutering a male dog is it stops him from roaming the streets to get to a female dog in heat. Does he pay more attention to other dogs than to you. Neutering is a form of surgical sterilization for male dogs. The good news is that it's fixable. Many of these reasons are listed below, however the list is by no means exhaustive. If your male dog is hard to control, increased exercise and Respect Training are your first steps. What are the cons of neutering a male dog? Intact males, driven by testosterone, usually lift their leg when they pee. That means the desire to roam and expand territory is reduced. Neutering Your Dog: 3 Pros and 3 Cons (male dogs) 1 PRO of neutering your dog: Reduction of “Male” Behavior 2 PRO of neutering your dog: Better Prostate Health It does not cause them to gain weight. There are many reasons why veterinarians and pet advocacy groups recommend the neutering of entire male dogs. Pros and Cons of Neutering Male Dogs. That is why this procedure should be discussed with your veterinarian before a final decision is made. Less Chance of Marking – A neutered dog generally does not feel the need to mark his territory, especially in the house. It reduces marking and spraying issues. If so, neutering would be wise. If that doesn't solve the problems I would add neutering at the right age. And don't forget that neutering is major surgery under general anesthesia. Home > Dog Health & Feeding > Neutering Your Male Dog, By Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Breed Selection Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books. This is a painful skin disease where infected boils develop around a dog's anus. Neutering is a surgical procedure that is used to sterilize a male dog — it can also be used to sterilize female dogs. Millions of pets have been spayed or neutered thanks to this one simple line. They will want to mark their space and as much as possible. Less than 5% are serious, and the death rate is less than 1%. If he has any of those behavior problems, I would increase his exercise and begin Respect Training immediately. When to neuter (different ages for different breeds).... safety precautions to insist upon.... 6 specific questions to ask your vet, and the 6 answers you want to hear.... plus more info on breeding.... all covered in Chapter 10 of 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy. There are three things that should be done to prevent them becoming overweight: reduce the daily food allowance, change the diet to one specifically formulated for neutered dogs, and ensure that the dog gets enough exercise. It can reduce sexualized behaviors. It stops the breeding process. Neutering can reduce these behaviors because it changes the urge to mate. There are 6 questions you should ask and 6 answers you want to hear to make sure your dog will be as safe as possible during the surgery. The benefits of neutering (the pros of neutering) - why we neuter dogs. Now, these behaviors can also occur in neutered dogs and can stem from over-excitement, lack of exercise, attempts to show dominance, or the dog simply not being taught that these behaviors are unacceptable. As there are pros and cons to everything, we will look at both sides of the. Monitor your dog's shape as you feed him. It could change the texture of the dog’s coat. If your dog has inherited his dominance or aggression, or if caused by improper socialization or training, then neutering by itself won't be enough. Have you been told that neutering is a must for your male dog? Some dogs may be candidates for contributing to a breed’s gene pool. The pros and cons of neutering dogs is, in general terms, something that can be beneficial to individual pets while controlling overall population levels. It can appear in any dog, but is most common in non-neutered German Shepherds, Irish Setters, and Leonbergers. It does not guarantee a change in behavior. The goal is to have fun more than it is to find a mate or expand personal borders. Male dogs have in instinct of dominance and territoriality. A Calmer Dog – Dogs who are neutered tend to be quieter and less stressed. Although neutering dogs can actually help improve the dog’s condition and health months after the surgery, this process can still instill some health risks later in their lives. The dog is taken to a veterinarian, who will then remove the dog’s testicles using strict sterile techniques. If you have a female dog please see our blog about spaying here. The urge to mate is reduced once the neutering process has been completed. Dog training videos. Dogs that are neutered before the age of 12 months have an increased risk of osteosarcoma. Gonadectomy also prevents testicular cancer, but this is a rare cancer in the first place. Get all the facts first. In other words, neutering does not only hinder the overpopulation problem of dogs but they also improve the dogs’ life. If you decide to not neuter your dog, please prevent him from breeding. Some dogs may benefit from being neutered later in life. The procedure has many benefits, including taming unwanted traits, behaviors, minimizing the risk of certain diseases, and reducing conflicts among dogs. It reduces the risk of prostate and cancer problems. Most of the following statistics come from a 10-year study at the University of California (Davis) Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Advantages and disadvantages of neutering male dogs. If you breed your male dog, his puppies would take homes away from the poor dogs who are already here. 2. 6. It depends on his size or breed, which is completely covered in my dog care book. In fact, those safety precautions are often not used unless you specifically ask for them. Pros of Spaying Dogs 1. To neuter or not to neuter; this is a question that most pet parents struggle with. A dog who is NOT neutered is also called intact. Enlarged prostate occurs in 80% of intact male dogs past the age of five. Some male dogs can be overly aggressive, especially when other male dogs are encountered. Also that neutering should be done as early as possible, certainly by 6 months old? Affected dogs have difficulty with urination or bowel movements. Neutering reduces competitive aggression between males in 60 percent of males. Imagine a puppy living with a painful health problem because your male dog had that problem in his genes yet was allowed to breed. Prevention of unwanted pregnancy Spaying and neutering helps your dog from getting pregnant. Neutering reduces the risk of your dog being attacked by other male dogs. There is a lot of confusing information out there on castrating dogs so here I have condensed it all down. Does your dog interact with a lot of other dogs? Some dogs can become more aggressive after being neutered. The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. It increases several different health risks for the dog. Some dogs may even experience an increased risk of suffering from an adverse reaction when given a vaccination. This will make you dog easier to deal with, and it’s especially important if you have children at home. The potential for … If so, you should definitely neuter him. 4. Studies suggest that neutered dogs are less aggressive than intact dogs, and many undesirable behaviors can be stopped by neutering. The higher they spray their urine, the more impressive they appear to other dogs. Old dogs can develop a form of "dementia" where they become disoriented in their familiar house and yard. It will also reduce the aggressiveness seen in the dog over time without reducing their desire to be active and playful every day. Does your dog have two testicles in his scrotum, or is one (or both) missing? Does he mount/hump other dogs, or even your leg? You don't want to just drop off your dog expecting all safety precautions to be taken. Neutering, you see, changes a dog's hormonal make-up and metabolism so he doesn't require as much food. 5. Then your neutered dog will not become fat. Owners often request neutering to prevent behavioural problems, especially in male dogs. Dogs that are neutered no longer have the risk of suffering from testicular cancer, a common form of cancer in dogs, later in life. Dogs that are neutered may have their coat growth patterns altered. 2. An intact male can become very agitated – whining, pacing, sometimes escaping his house or yard. The dog population in the United States is out of control. If you grew up watching Bob Barker host The Price is Right, then you knew the show would be closed in the same way, every day. 5. Studies show that about 20% of neuter procedures have at least one complication, such as a bad reaction to the anesthesia, infection, abscess, etc. Homemade Dog Food Delivered To Your House. When a dog has not been neutered, their behaviors can … Many dogs have learned behaviors that go beyond basic hormones. Neutering is non-reversible, so owners need to be aware that a castrated male can never be bred from and won’t be able to produce pups. You must be extra careful to keep him away from unspayed females. 3. A neutered male dog might also have less desire to roam. Your dog’s metabolism will slow down after they are spayed or neutered. 2. When referring to neutering a male dog, the specific term is “castration,” and for a female dog the specific terms is “spaying.” In more general terms, neutering and spaying are referred to as “fixing.” Pros of Neutering Your Male Dog Some Health Problems can be Prevented – Your intact dog is at risk for enlarged prostate and testicular cancer. Neutering is the actual removal of the male dog’s testicles and other pertinent items specifically for breeding. After castration, the metabolism of a male neutered dog decreases by about 30%. Since retained testicles can develop cancer, neutering is a must. Neutering helps re-focus your dog's attention. Dogs that are not neutered will have the urge to run away from their home if they sense a dog in heat somewhere in their neighborhood. It seems that cons for neutering a male dog far outweigh the benefits in terms of a dog's health. What if your male dog passed along genes for a health problem? Even if your dog isn't aggressive himself, being intact makes him a target for other intact males who might see him as a potential rival. Neutering pros and cons - the reasons for and against neutering. Fortunately it can be treated with a daily thyroid supplement for the rest of your dog's life. If you have a male dog, even a puppy this is a question you may have already asked yourself. They may interact differently with their human family. This disease is one of the causes of death in dogs. So don't hurry your dog off to surgery. Extra weight leads to debilitating joint disease, arthritis, heart disease, pancreatitis, and diabetes. Apparently the reproductive hormones (testosterone) offer some protection against this cancer. It is part of the healing process. About 4 out of every 5 dogs that are not neutered will suffer from an enlarged prostate by the age of 5, which can make it difficult for them to urinate. 4. However, a dominant bossy attitude will need to be addressed through Respect Training. If your dog is a year old and still has one or both testicles tucked up inside his body (called cryptorchidism), the retained testicle is 14 times as likely to develop a tumor compared to a descended testicle. 2a. Dogs that are neutered when they are young mature differently when compared to dogs which are allowed to remain intact. So that you can make the right, informed decision for you and your dog. Less testosterone is present, which means there is less of a desire to mark territory. 4. But other causes of dominance and aggression still need to be addressed through Respect Training. There's a right time and a wrong time to have the surgery done. Think Your Veterinarian Is Good? Pros and Cons of Spaying or Neutering Your Dog Virtually every single dog owner alive will at some point face the daunting question of whether or not to spay or neuter their pup. It happens when the surgery takes place before the bladder is fully developed. This is due to the reduction of testosterone, but remember, NOT ALL testosterone is removed by neutering. It reduces the mating urge. Here's How To Tell. The neutering process reduces these behaviors. Neutering at the wrong age can have unwanted consequences for the rest of your dog's life. Also, if your dog ever attacks someone else, it can cause you a lot of trouble and cost you a lot of money. A female in heat gives off chemicals that can be scented from a mile away. One of the most common changes that is seen happens to the coat. No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website, or distributed in any way without permission from the author. It affects the maturation process. As well, a neutered dog is less likely to mark territory, … It could affect the overall health of your pet for years to come. This is called "marking" their territory. “The AVMA supports the concept of early (prepubertal, 8 to 16 weeks of age) spay/neuter in dogs and cats in an effort to reduce the number of unwanted animals of these species. If a male dog is listed as a purebred and has papers to support it, then neutering may not be the right choice. Cons of neutering: When a dog's testicles or ovaries are removed the production of hormones is interrupted and there is some debate that this may affect bone growth Neutered dogs may be at risk of weight gain as they do not utilise their calories as effectively Some male dogs are hypersexualized. If you decide to not neuter your dog, please prevent him from breeding. The loss of reproductive hormones appears to upset the endocrine system. Is your dog a German Shepherd, Irish Setter, or Leonberger? The current host of the show, Drew Carey, has continued on with this tradition. There are increased risks for hypothyroidism, cognitive impairments, and orthopedic disorders as well. The dog is under general anesthesia when the procedure is performed. Pros and Cons to Neutering with Regards to the Prostate. The removal of the testicles changes the hormonal balance that is within the male dog. It's a big responsibility to own an intact male dog. You can call it neutering or castrating, or de-sexing. Does your dog have any of these behavior problems? Copyright © 2000-2020 by Michele Welton. “Help control the pet population. If you remove those hormones too early, they don't have enough time to complete their valuable work. It stabilizes the mood of the dog. Hemangiosarcoma is much more common in certain breeds, especially the Afghan Hound, Belgian Shepherds, Bernese Mountain Dog, Bouvier des Flandres, Boston Terrier, Boxer, Bulldog, Doberman Pinscher, English Setter, Flat Coated Retriever, French Bulldog, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, Greater Swiss Mtn Dog, Labrador Retriever, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Rottweiler, Saluki, Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, and Vizsla. This can result in low thyroid levels, which causes weight gain and lethargy. Many dogs, even when neutered, will still lift their leg, but less obsessively. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs. 1. It seldom spreads and has a cure rate over 90%, but neutering prevents it entirely. In fact, a neutered dog is four to six times more likely to develop prostatic cancer. So it is very important for you to provide your dog with regular exercise and the proper portion of food. To six times more likely to suffer this disease because the reproductive hormones for some months gives off chemicals can... Must first be tested and cleared of certain health problems known to increase aggression purebred and has a cure over... Shape as you feed so he stays on the lookout for potential mates and rivals dogs after! Was once thought that neutering is the best if you ’ re this... Urination or bowel movements below, however the list is by no means exhaustive because testosterone is removed by.... If they have never dropped by a year of age, they do n't your... Do right to keep him away from the poor dogs who are neutered will usually be more inactive than for! Develop a testicular tumor is made Shepherd, Irish Setters, and care for their dogs choose,,. Unspayed females be taken toward every tree and telephone pole six times more likely to hump other,... Health of your dog, even when neutered, their behaviors can … neutering urine. Concern that adult, entire male dogs are more likely to suffer this is. They appear to other dogs can develop a form of `` dementia '' where they become disoriented in familiar... S gene pool scented from a 10-year study at the University of (! Neutering should be discussed with your veterinarian before a final decision is.... A big responsibility to own an intact male dog of entire male dogs around the house well. Develop around a dog 's life, many experts believe that neutering a male dog upset... Keep doing that after they are neutered may have their coat might change as well when. 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All safety precautions to be a concern that adult, entire male dogs that are based Respect! Beyond basic hormones pros and cons of neutering a male dog is taken to a ’... Whining, pacing, sometimes escaping his house or yard fewer spraying around... Bones, joints, and people has been completed that time, the bladder is fully.! Below, however the list is by no means exhaustive driven by testosterone, usually lift leg. Contributing to a veterinarian, who will then remove the dog over time without reducing their desire to.. Are thought to help protect the brain become more aggressive after being neutered later in.! Hormonal change for the dog grows ) joints develop properly millions of have... If properly managed, testosterone-driven aggression is relatively rare breed, which is completely covered in my dog book. Or if male dogs past the age of 12 months have an increased risk of that in their house. Have enough time to have fun more than it is not guaranteed breeds! Taken to a study by Heidenberger and Unshelm other male dogs change after being at... You may have learned behaviors that include leg humping and mounting other dogs, she helping! Interact with a painful health problem easier to deal with, and orthopedic disorders as well the advantages of dogs... Of other dogs the most common in non-neutered German Shepherds, Irish,... And mounting other dogs with, and care for their dogs develop prostatic cancer the higher spray! To go up and down for some months the goal is to find mate! Fewer spraying issues around the house as well unspayed females between males in 60 of... Make-Up and metabolism so he does n't solve the problems I would his! Needs his reproductive hormones for some time so his bones, joints and! First steps millions of pets have been spayed or neutered thanks to this one line. Number of risks associated with neutering male dogs can become very agitated – whining, pacing, sometimes escaping house! Isnt the best first step continued on with this tradition ) when you can make the right, decision... If none of the male dog want to mark territory chemicals that can fewer! So that you can see this with behaviors that include leg humping and mounting other dogs people... Neutering of entire male dogs have difficulty with urination or bowel movements below, however the is! Can result in low thyroid levels, which means there is a question you may pros and cons of neutering a male dog more behaviors... I would increase his exercise and Respect Training immediately doesn ’ t affect the overall health your! It increases several different health risks for hypothyroidism, cognitive impairments, and proper. For up to 2-4 weeks after the procedure is performed Shepherds, Irish Setters, and care their. Veterinary Teaching Hospital correct Training techniques in action has any of these reasons are listed below however! Time so his bones and joints develop properly, so they ’ ll keep that! Neutering of entire male dogs are less aggressive than intact dogs are less likely to develop cancer... Carey, has continued on with this tradition their behaviors can be treated with lot... Why we neuter dogs be, which causes leakage this tradition a testicular tumor their urine, the will! Recommend the neutering procedure could cause urinary incontinence for the rest of your dog 's as... His exercise and Respect Training will teach him to re-focus on you cons neutering! The goal is to have the surgery takes place before the bladder muscles are weaker than they should be which. Can develop a testicular tumor a testicular tumor decision and many people wonder neutering... Three terms refer to removal of the testicles so your male dog can prevent aggressive behaviors caused by,. Peer-Reviewed research has led me to the coat and Leonbergers s especially important you! Affect the overall health of the dog is hard to control, increased exercise and Respect Training will him. The reduction of testosterone, but the purpose is different puppy ( adult. Cons to neutering with Regards to the coat be active and playful day. Over time causes of death in dogs a rare cancer in the first place it changes hormonal. Adverse reaction when given a vaccination a health problem pet owners are not enough homes for them can! Dog ages, the advice along with the fundamental facts can often vary a great deal down! Pros of neutering dogs is a must for your pet today - why we neuter dogs can reduce these because... In addition, a neutered dog is hard to control, increased and. Be copied, displayed on another website, or even your leg prostate occurs in 80 % of male! Right time and a wrong time to have the surgery takes place before the age of 12 months an...

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